Amy Bower Background



Senior Scientist
Curriculum Vitae
Associate Scientist with Tenure
Department of Physical Oceanography
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Research Interests

Western Boundary Currents, Overflows and Outflows, Mesoscale and Submesoscale Eddies


  • Sea Semester, 1979, Sea Education Association, Woods Hole, MA
  • B.S., Tufts University, 1981 (Physics)
  • Ph.D., University of Rhode Island, 1988 (Oceanography)


1981-1988 - Graduate Research Assistant, University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography
1988 - Postdoctoral Research Associate, University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography
1988-1989 - Postdoctoral Scholar, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
1989-1990 - Postdoctoral Investigator, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
1990-1995 - Assistant Scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
1995-1999 - Associate Scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
1999 - present - Associate Scientist with Tenure, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
2003-2004 - Doherty Chair in Ocean Studies, Sea Education Association

Honors And Awards

  • N. Hobbs Knight Scholarship Prize in Physics, Tufts University, 1981
  • Thomas J. Carroll Award for Employment 2003, Blind Employee of the Year in Massachusetts by the Carroll Center for the Blind and the Massachusetts Commission for the Blind

Publications in Refereed Journals

  • Bower, A. S., H. T. Rossby, and J. L. Lillibridge, 1985. The Gulf Stream - barrier or blender? Journal of Physical Oceanography, 15(1), 24-32.
  • Rossby, T., A. S. Bower, and P.-T. Shaw, 1985. Particle pathways in the Gulf Stream. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 66(9), 1106-1110.
  • Bower, A. S., and T. Rossby, 1989. Evidence of cross-frontal exchange processes in the Gulf Stream based on isopycnal RAFOS float data. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 19(9), 1177-1190.
  • Bower, A. S., 1989. Potential vorticity balances and horizontal divergence along particle trajectories in Gulf Stream meanders east of Cape Hatteras. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 19(11), 1669-1681.
  • Bower, A. S., 1991. A simple kinematic mechanism for mixing fluid parcels across a meandering jet. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 21(1), 173-180.
  • Bower, A. S., and N. G. Hogg, 1992. Evidence for barotropic wave radiation from the Gulf Stream. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 22(1), 42-61.
  • Bower, A. S., and M. S. Lozier, 1994. A closer look at particle exchange in the Gulf Stream. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 24(6), 1399-1418.
  • Bower, A. S., L. Armi and I. Ambar, 1995. Direct evidence of meddy formation off the southwest coast of Portugal. Deep-Sea Research, Part I, 42, 1621-1630.
  • Bower, A. S., and N. G. Hogg, 1996. Structure of the Gulf Stream and its recirculations at 55ûW. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 26(6), 1002-1022.
  • Lozier, M. S., T. J. Bold and A. S. Bower, 1996. The influence of propagating waves on cross-stream excursions. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 26(9), 1915-1923.
  • Bower, A. S., L. Armi and I. Ambar, 1997. Lagrangian observations of meddy formation during A Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 27(12), 2545-2575.
  • Ambar, I., L. Armi, A. S. Bower, and T. C. Ferreira, 1999. Some aspects of time variability of the Mediterranean Water off South Portugal. Deep-Sea Research I, 46, 1109-1136.
  • Richardson, P. L., A. S. Bower, and W. Zenk, 2000. A census of meddies traced by floats. Progress in Oceanography, 45(2), 209-250.
  • Bower, A. S., and H. D. Hunt, 2000. Lagrangian observations of the Deep Western Boundary Current in the North Atlantic Ocean. Part I: Large-scale pathways and spreading rates. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 30(5), 764-783.
  • Bower, A. S., and H. D. Hunt, 2000. Lagrangian observations of the Deep Western Boundary Current in the North Atlantic Ocean. Part II: The Gulf Stream-Deep Western Boundary Current crossover. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 30(5), 784-804.
  • Bower, A. S., H. D. Hunt, and J. F. Price, 2000. Character and dynamics of the Red Sea and Persian Gulf outflows. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105(C3), 6387-6414.
  • LaCasce, J. H., and A. Bower, 2000. Relative dispersion in the subsurface North Atlantic. Journal of Marine Research, 58(6), 863-894.
  • Gordon, A. L., C. F. Giulivi, C. M. Lee, H. H. Furey, A. Bower, and L. Talley, 2002. Japan/East Sea intra-thermocline eddies. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 32(6), 1960-1974.
  • Bower, A. S., B. Le Cann, T. Rossby, W. Zenk, J. Gould, K. Speer, P. L. Richardson, M. D. Prater, and H-M. Zhang, 2002. Directly measured mid-depth circulation in the northeastern North Atlantic Ocean. Nature, 419, 603-607.
  • Bower, A. S., Nuno Serra, and Isabel Ambar, 2002. Structure of the Mediterranean Undercurrent and Mediterranean Water spreading around the southwestern Iberian Peninsula. Journal of Geophysical Research, 107(C10), 25-1-25-19.
  • Bower, A.S., D.M. Fratantoni, W.E. Johns and H. Peters, 2002. Gulf of Aden eddies and their impact on Red Sea Water. Geophysical Research Letters, 29(21), 21-1-21-4.
  • Swift, S. A. and A. S. Bower, 2003. Formation and circulation of dense water in the Persian/Arabian Gulf. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108(C1), 3004, doi:10.1029/ 2002JC001360.
  • Furey, H. and A. Bowe, 2004. The synoptic temperature structure of the East China and southeastern Japan/East Seas. Journal of Geophysical Research, in press.
  • Peters, H., W. E. Johns, A. Bower and D. Fratantoni, 2004. Mixing and entrainment in the Red Sea Outflow Plume: I. Plume Structure. Journal of Physical Oceanography, in press.
  • Shoosmith, D. R., P. L. Richardson, A. S. Bower, and H. T. Rossby. Discrete eddies in the northern North Atlantic as observed by looping RAFOS floats. Deep Sea Research, submitted.
  • Bower, A. S., W. E. Johns, D. M. Fratantoni, and H. Peters. Equilibration and circulation of Red Sea Outflow Water in the western Gulf of Aden. Journal of Physical Oceanography, submitted.

Instrument Development

  • Collaborated with J. Valdes (WHOI) to redesign isopycnal floats for the DWBC, 1994 (first use at WHOI).
  • Collaborated with J. Valdes (WHOI) to modify the "float park" technique (originally developed by W. Zenk) for REDSOX, 2000 (first use at WHOI).